Telling Time

What Time Is It?

To ask the time in Cumbraek, you say P’oar iw-hi?  What time is it? 

The response is given in the number of hours. Since oar hour is a feminine noun, the numbers duw, teyr and peder must be used for two, three and four.

Here are some example responses:

  • Oun oar iw-hi  It’s one o’clock
  • Pedwaran oar gwedy teyr iw-hi  It’s quarter past three
  • Hanter oar gwedy naw iw-hi  It’s half past nine
  • Pedwaran oar cint hwech iw-hi  It’s quarter to six
  • Pimp menout gwedy duw iw-hi  It’s five past two
  • Oun oar ar dhek iw-hi  It’s eleven o’clock

The clock below should help you work out the time in Cumbraek:

amser

Times of Day

Cumbraek has three separate words for day:  1) didh (plural diow) is the general word for day and refers to a period of 24 hours and more vaguely to the period between sunrise and sunset; 2) diw is used only before names of the week (e.g. Diw Gwener Friday) and other specific days (e.g. Diw Broat Judgement Day); 3) diweth means daytime and is specifically used for the period of light, as opposed to night.

Some other times of day:

  • gwoar  dawn
  • bore  morning
  • hanterdidh  midday
  • prit-echoodh  afternoon
  • oucher evening
  • nos  night
  • nosweth  nighttime
  • golowver  twilight, dusk
  • hanternos  midnight

The preposition in in is used with most times of day, e.g. in er bore in the morningin er nosweth at night. But when we refer to a specific point of time we use war on, e.g. war er woar at dawnwar hanterdidh at midday.

Today, Tomorrow…

Here are some more useful time words:

  • hedhiw today
  • henoyth  tonight
  • de yesterday
  • nethyoor  last night
  • avory  tomorrow
  • nos avory  tomorrow night
  • er seythoun honn  this week
  • seythoun nessav  next week
  • seythoun dhiwetthav  last week
  • hevleny  this year
  • ervlinedh  last year
  • bloodhin nessav  next year