There are numerous ways to greet someone in Cumbraek. The simplest option is to say hoy, used just like the English hi, or halo hello. More formal greetings include:
- Didh da Hello, Good day (not as formal as in English)
- Bore da Good morning
- Oucher da Good evening
Whenever you address someone directly, either just with their name or following a greeting like those above, the particle a precedes the name and causes lenition:
- Hoy a Damm Hi Tom
- Bore da a Veyster MacDonald Good morning, Mr MacDonald
- A Gadrin! Catherine!
This particle is often dropped in speech, but the mutation always remains: Didh da Wallok Good day Gwallog.
Some basic, polite conversational elements include:
- Hoadh cuvarvot genough Nice to meet you
- Pe dhel’ edh ich? How are you?
- Braw, joluch, a hwiwi? Fine thanks, and you?
- Peth iw ach anuw? What is your name?
- Meystres Hewitt iw mun anuw My name is Mrs Hewitt
The pronoun hwi you is used when talking to more than one person and as a rather formal way of addressing a stranger or social superior (e.g. teacher, employer, judge etc.). In most informal situations the pronoun ti is perfectly acceptable. Here are the above phrases with ti:
- Hoadh cuvarvot genit Nice to meet you
- Pe dhel’ edh oot? How are you?
- Braw joluch, a thidi? Fine thanks, and you?
- Peth iw de anuw? What is your name?
- Tamm oov I’m Tom
Saying goodbye is easy.
- Is ret dum munet I have to go
- Duw genouch Goodbye (fml)
- Duw genit Goodbye (inf)
- Ech gwelav See you (fml)
- Eth welav See you (inf)
- … voch … soon
- … avory … tomorrow
- … war Dhiw Loun … on Monday
- … seythoun nessav … next week
- Nos dha Good night