Introductions

Greetings

There are numerous ways to greet someone in Cumbraek. The simplest option is to say hoy, used just like the English hi, or halo hello. More formal greetings include:

  • Didh da  Hello, Good day (not as formal as in English)
  • Bore da  Good morning
  • Oucher da  Good evening

Whenever you address someone directly, either just with their name or following a greeting like those above, the particle a precedes the name and causes lenition:

  • Hoy a Damm  Hi Tom
  • Bore da a Veyster MacDonald  Good morning, Mr MacDonald
  • A Gadrin!  Catherine!

This particle is often dropped in speech, but the mutation always remains:  Didh da Wallok  Good day Gwallog.

Being Polite

Some basic, polite conversational elements include:

  • Hoadh cuvarvot genich  Nice to meet you
  • Pe dhel’ edh ich?  How are you?
  • Braw, joluch, a hwiwi?  Fine thanks, and you?
  • Peth iw ach anuw?  What is your name?
  • Meystres Hewitt iw mun anuw  My name is Mrs Hewitt

The pronoun hwi you is used when talking to more than one person and as a rather formal way of addressing a stranger or social superior (e.g. teacher, employer, judge etc.). In most informal situations the pronoun ti is perfectly acceptable. Here are the above phrases with ti:

  • Hoadh cuvarvot genit  Nice to meet you
  • Pe dhel’ edh oot?  How are you?
  • Braw joluch, a thidi?  Fine thanks, and you?
  • Peth iw de anuw?  What is your name?
  • Tamm oov  I’m Tom

Farewells

Saying goodbye is easy.

  • Is ret dum munet  I have to go
  • Duw genich  Goodbye (fml)
  • Duw genit  Goodbye (inf)
  • Ech gwelav  See you (fml)
  • Eth welav  See you (inf)
    • … voch  … soon
    • … avory  … tomorrow
    • … war Dhiw Loun  … on Monday
    • … seythoun nessav  … next week
  • Nos dha  Good night

 

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